When they heard that Jesus was going by, they shouted, “Lord, son of David, have mercy on us!” (Matt. 20:30)
In other instances, such as Samuel and David, the teachings (and anointing) were not always passed to the prophet by the physical father. In other words, the Truth taught by the prophets has been passed on orally from teacher to student through the ages.
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.” (Matt. 5:9)and
"For they cannot die any more, because they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection." (Luke 20:36 RSV)Jesus also uses the word υἱὸς to refer to "servant" or "devotee" elsewhere:
"while the sons of the kingdom will be thrown into the outer darkness; there men will weep and gnash their teeth." (Matt. 8:12 RSV)and
"Can the sons of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then will they fast." (Matt. 9:15 ASV)In all of these statements, we find the Greek word υἱός being used by Jesus, and none of them refer to a physical offspring. They all refer to people devoted in some way, to either God and the resurrection, "the kingdom," or to the bridechamber (Matt. 9:15 has also thus been translated to "attendants of the bridegroom" (NAV)).
To this we add other statements from the and there are multiple references to "sons of God" among the English Bible translations:
These all point to "sons of God" being used to describe devoted servants of God.When human beings began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them the sons of God saw that the daughters of humans were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. (Genesis 6:2)The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went to the daughters of humans and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown. (Genesis 6:4)Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. (Job 1:6)Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD. (Job 2:1)When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? (Job 38:7)"Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God." (Matt. 6:9)But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name (John 1:12)For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. (Romans 8:14)For the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of God. (Romans 8:19)
Other statements in the Bible confirm this interpretation:
…the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. (Genesis 6:2)
The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown. (Genesis 6:4)
Now simply re-read all of the above quotes, and replace "sons of God" with "servants God" or even "devotees of God". Does this not make more practical sense? This translation ofυἱὸς is certainly confirmed by the Greek lexicon.
But in the context of Jesus we must add an additional translation - representative of God. When the servant of God is sent to teach us about God, the term υἱός τοῦ θεοῦ would be better translated to "Representative of God."
(For a translation of Jesus' statements from the Book of Matthew without institutional sectarian influence, see the Gospels of Jesus - translated from the original Greek texts.)