"It is written: 'Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.'" (Matthew 4:4)

Here Jesus is responding during his 40-day fast, after:

The tempter came to him and said, "If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread." (Matt. 4:3)

Who is the "tempter" and what is Jesus speaking of as he quotes this passage from Deuteronomy?

"It is also written: 'Do not put the Lord your God to the test.'" (Matthew 4:7)

This is Jesus' response following:

Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. "If you are the Son of God," he said, "throw yourself down. For it is written: " 'He will command his angels concerning you, and they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.'" (Matt. 4:5-6)

Is the "devil" really addressing Jesus as the "son of God" here?

“Away from me, satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.’” (Matthew 4:10)

This ended the exchange described in Matthew during which Jesus was tempted by the devil or satan. Just who is this person that Jesus is hanging out with and saying this to:

"Away from me, satan!" ?

In other words, just who is "satan" or "the devil."?

“Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness.” (Matthew 4:15)

This is how Jesus responded when he approached John the Baptist for baptism. John had been preaching the coming presence of a greater teacher.

John's Jordan River baptisms and sermons brought large crowds of people wishing to hear from this teacher of wisdom. Though the text emphasizes John’s humble statement regarding Jesus, it is apparent that John the Baptist was a respected spiritual teacher, renowned throughout Judea.

“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.” (Matthew 4:17)

This statement has been repeated often over the years by street preachers and sermons alike. But do we actually understand the meaning of these words?

First we should note that this statement by Jesus has been translated variously by the different Bible versions:

“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” (Matthew 5:3)

This begins the Beatitudes sermon, given when Jesus preached from a mountainside.

The word “blessed” - translated from the Greek word μακάριος (makarios), which means to be "blessed" or "happy" - imparts Jesus' confirmation that this is a state that brings joy.